Readout of Briefing to the House Foreign Affairs Committee on Iran Nuclear Negotiations

Jun 24, 2014

Washington, D.C. – Today, Members of the House Foreign Affairs Committee received a briefing from senior U.S. government officials on the status of the P5+1 negotiations on Iran’s nuclear program.  Negotiators, who completed the latest round of talks in Vienna last week, face a July 20th deadline for an agreement.  Following the briefing, U.S. Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the Committee, issued the following statement:
 
“Despite repeated requests, today’s briefing was the first time that all members of the House Foreign Affairs Committee have been briefed in a closed session on the status of the nuclear negotiations with Iran.  With less than one month before the July 20th deadline to reach an agreement, the Obama Administration must better inform and engage Congress on these critical negotiations, particularly as only Congress can provide any permanent sanctions relief, should an agreement be reached.
 
“It’s disappointing that the Obama Administration would not appear in an open hearing with the Committee.  It would do more to build confidence amongst the Members of Congress and the public by getting out from behind closed doors.   
 
“It is clear that many Members of the Committee are concerned about the direction of these negotiations, asking tough questions of the U.S. negotiators.  Preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability is the Committee’s highest priority, as it has been for many years.   
 
“Members emphasized the need for the Administration to consult with Congress on any potential sanctions relief for Iran. Ranking Member Engel and I are currently circulating a letter with well over one hundred signatures calling on the Administration to do just that. The letter also states that any deal must entail coming to Congress for legislative action.  The President shouldn’t rely only on waivers or other administrative action.
 
“With the deadline for international negotiations surrounding Iran’s nuclear program approaching, Members were focused on the enormous challenge of monitoring and verifying any potential final agreement with Iran.  These questions are all the more important given Iran’s history of deception, covert procurement, and construction of clandestine facilities. Indeed, during a recent Committee hearing, all of the witnesses agreed that there is no monitoring and verification system that could ensure that Iran will not pursue a clandestine nuclear weapons program.
 
“Several Members noted that the onus is on Iran to prove that it has not engaged in a covert weapons program.  Iran has not been fully cooperating with the IAEA’s attempts to clarify evidence the international observer group has on the ‘potential military dimensions’ of Iran’s program.  For several years, Iran has refused to provide explanations or information to the IAEA on past bomb efforts.  I have called Iran’s willingness to come clean on its past weapons program an ‘acid test.’
 
“Members of the Committee also had grave concerns about the ‘duration’ of the ‘final step of the comprehensive solution.’  Under the agreement, after a relatively short period (to be determined by the negotiations) of good behavior, Iran would be freed from sanctions and any intrusive inspections measures -- being converted from ‘nuclear pariah to nuclear partner,’ as one witness recently testified in front of the Committee. As noted in the agreement, after the ‘duration’ of this ‘final step,’ the Iranian nuclear program is to be ‘treated in the same manner as that of any non-nuclear weapon state party to the NPT’ – in other words, just like Japan or Germany. Experts have told the Committee that with such a status, it would be very easy for Iran to produce material for nuclear weapons – on a massive scale.  One witness called this a ‘giant get out of jail free card for Iran,’ as it could achieve this without any change in its government or its behavior towards its neighbors. Its massive human rights abuses and terrorism throughout the world could continue.”

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